Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/causes-and-consequences-of-the-battle-of-dien-bien-phu/, Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Bachelor of Commerce, University of British Columbia, 1980 One by one, French positions began to fall, and Giap established trenches in the valley, which Viet Minh troops occupied. It ended with victory to the Viet Minh, the surrender of French colonial forces and eventually, the withdrawal of the French from Vietnam. By the end, conditions in the flooded trenches resembled Passchendaele. In Operation Castor, the French dropped or flew 9,000 troops into the area over three days. Besides the four main powers, others attending the conference included; China, Cambodia, Laos, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the State of Vietnam. Only half of them survived the 500-mile journey. Over the next few months, he succeeded in doing this. | History | | The SHS History Co. Shahriar Syed | [The Vietnam War]| Describe why the factors which allowed the North Vietnamese Communist to win a war against a. 8) 930 5206 www. The French committed about 15,000 men there, of whom about 10,000 were left at the final surrender. From 1887 France had controlled Vietnam, then called French Indochina, but during World War II Japan, in its aggressive push to take control of Asia, took possession of Vietnam. The people of Vietnam had 200 days to choose which side of the border to move to and the Viet Minh had 300 days to move back to the North. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. French couldn't locate Viet Minh's artilleries since all were well camouflaged in shell-proof bunkers and Viet Minh artilleries fired point-blank into the French positions. 03, HCMC, Vietnam Tel: (84. It ended in May 1954 with tens of thousands of Vietminh troops overrunning the beseiged garrison. Less than ten percent of the total French forces in … Ho Chi Minh: North Vietnam Leader Published Online: July 25, 2006 Although the most visible symbol of America's chief enemy in the Vietnam War, Ho Chi Minh was still a. The French began to recruit Vietnamese soldiers, although they distrusted them greatly. 8) 930 0358 Fax: (84. Hire a subject expert to help you with Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The battle of Dien Bien Phu was a monumental event in Vietnam which decided the fate of Vietnam for the next 50 years. Historian Jean-Pierre Rioux said that Dien Bien Phu was ‘the only pitched battle to be lost by a European army in the history of decolonisation’ and it cost the French their Empire. The French had established a heavily fortified position with a ring of fortresses, supplied by an airstrip. Their century of colonial rule in Indochina – now Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia – was over. Diem promoted members of his family into high government positions, which lead to more of a mess than an organised government. When China became involved in the Korean War in 1950, materials ceased to flow into Vietnam, although the Viet Minh were persistant and despite their lack of resources, they continued to fight back. However, their happy independence did not last long. It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos. General Giap was preparing for a more concentrated assault, while psychologically wearing down the French. It was decide that Vietnam would be split at the seventeenth parallel, with Ho Chi Minh controlling the communist North and Bao Dai in charge of the capitalist South. The battle of Dien Bien Phu opposed in 1954 the French army and the Vietnamese communist forces of Viêt-minh in the deep plain of Diên Biên Phu, located in the north-west of Vietnam, near the border with Laos. With the French back in control of Vietnam, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was crushed. The contents of the file. About 2,000 lay dead all over the battlefield in graves left unmarked to this day. Without the battle of Dien Bien Phu, who knows how Vietnam would have turned out. They had assumed that the Vietminh would be unable to carry heavy artillery into the thick jungle on the surrounding … There were also consequences that affected the people of Vietnam, such as; the Geneva conference, 1954 and the appointment of Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. This lead to two opposing groups of Vietnamese fighters. The battle fought around Dien Bien Phu was the last major campaign by a European state in the region; by the end of the decade the United States was to become the prominent foreign power in Vietnam and the influence of France dwindled to barely nothing – such was the impact of their defeat at the hands of … By the time the battle was ready to start, Giap had 70,000 soldiers surrounding Dien Bien Phu, five times the number of French … Dien Bien Phu Battle In Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam In May, 1954-Ho Chi Minh at the command hq during the battle. Although this film is only an hour long, it's an excellent account of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as well as giving an overview of the events that led up to it, and the subsequent political negotiations and the compromise that eventually led to the involvement of the U.S. in later years. An uneasy peace would persist, but only for a short while…for just over a year later, the Vietnam War would begin. In February 1954, Britain, France, the USSR and the United States planned a conference to decide the fate of Korea and Indo-China. In 1956, Diem felt strong enough to refuse the planned elections to untie Vietnam. Only 73 made good their escape from the various shattered strongpoints to be rescued by the pro-French guerrilla units awaiting the… https://phdessay.com/causes-and-consequences-of-the-battle-of-dien-bien-phu/, Mba, Human Resources, Finance, Accounting, Anti War Movement And Impacts On Vietnam War History Essay. In. Media in category "Battle of Dien Bien Phu" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. The French decided to put the former emperor; Bao Dai, back on the throne, to placate to Vietnamese people. In 1954, French forces in French Indochina sought to cut the Viet Minh's supply lines to Laos. The French colonial administration, initially confident in their ability to quash what was seen as little more than a peasant uprising, soon realized that the fight was going to be a lot harder and bloodier than they had imagined. He also set up masses of anti-aircraft guns on the hills, knowing that if he could prevent French helicopters and supply planes from getting close, he could effectively cut off French supplies. By the night of May 7 it was all over. Dien Bien Phu was the decisive battle of the First Indochina War. When the Viet Minh began artillery bombardment of the French positions in the valley in late January 1954, the French were taken by surprise at the number of artillery pieces the Viet Minh had managed to amass. Viet Minh forces overran the French garrison in Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954 after a 56-day siege, forcing the French government to abandon its colonial rule in Indochina. Navarre also quickly found out that his subordinates’ warnings had been correct: at a disadvantage on the valley floor, the French artillery found it difficult to counterattack the Viet Minh positions. On March 13 bombardment began in earnest, with intense, focused artillery attacks which were followed by furious infantry assaults. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought from March 13 to May 7, 1954, and was the decisive engagement of the First Indochina War (1946-1954), the precursor to the Vietnam War. The Viet Minh victory in this battle effectively ended … Dien Bien Phu battle veterans arrive to attend the 60th anniversary celebrations of the Dien Bien Phu battle in the historic city May 7, 2014. Dien Bien Phu, 1954, was the final battle of the first Indo-China war. Save time and let our verified experts help you. The first cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the division of Vietnam in 1946. The idea was that a general election would be held in July 1956, at which point the people of Vietnam would vote to decide its fate. The battle was fought between the French and the Vietminh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist). The Battle of Dien Bien Phu is seen as the decisive battle of the First Indochina War between French troops and the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), a nationalist, pro-Soviet Union movement of Ho Chi Minh. When the British arrived, their general, Gracey, began to organise the return of the French. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF … The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which took place in northern Vietnam in 1954, marked a major turning point in both the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh independence movement and the general position of European colonial powers in South-East Asia. A large number of them, in fact, had been supplied by the Soviet Union and communist China. It was against this fortification and the trenches that surrounded it that Giap threw his full infantry force on May 6th. The battle occurred between March and … STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF TELUS IN THE CANADIAN After thousands of years of occupation, Vietnam and it's people had developed a strong sense of nationalism. Dien Bien Phu Battle Analysis. While these preparations were going on, Giap brought up members of the Vietminh from all over Vietnam. A second consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the appointing of Nga Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. The Vietnam War, a diplomatic attempt by the. Diên Biên Phu is a 1992 film written and directed by French veteran Pierre Schoendoerffer. The first consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the Geneva conference. The second cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. Dien Bien Phu is recognized as one of history's great battles. Many French officers were concerned about the potential vulnerability of their position. Two of them, Fall 1967 and Rocolle 1968, were strangely published at the same time on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.More recently, Windrow 2004 and Morgan 2010 … During World War II, it was once again occupied, this time by the Japanese. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. His appointment was a consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it is was a solution to the strong communist presence in the country that resulted from the success of the Viet Minh in the battle. His immediate task was to crush his rivals; this included two religious sects; the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao, which he destroyed with military offensives and bribes. This was due to the fact that Diem was a devout Catholic and ardent anti-Communist. It was fought between the French Union's French Far East … Get premium, high … Robbin S. Stephens By 1953, the French knew the war had to end, fast. Neither the French nor the Viet Minh like the others' presence in Vietnam. At the end of WWII the Viet Minh rejoiced when Japan pulled out of the region – only to have the French return and assert control over the territory once again. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. The fighting was absolutely ferocious. Dien Bien Phu was a simply dreadful battle, one of the worst for casualties in terms for the numbers of any battle since 1945. Dien Bien Phu was a serious defeat for the French and was the decisive battle of the Indochina war. This major confrontation occurred at Dien Bien Phu, a large heart-shaped valley located in northwestern … Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). Navarre was confident in the superiority of French firepower and training against the insurgents, but, as had often been the case in this war, he underestimated both the fierce determination of the Viet Minh and the tactical brilliance of their leader, General Vo Nguyen Giap. The great battle in the valley of Dien Bien Phu was over. (2016, Dec 13). 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. Causes and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu Examine the causes and consequences and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954, which affected the lives of the Vietnamese until the 1960's. Bataille de Dien Bien Phu 13 au 15 mars 1954.jpg 2,022 × 3,789; 1.54 MB Sep 25, 2016 - Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954. The US was strongly opposed to the idea of a united, communist Vietnam, due to plans such as the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. Dien Bien Phu was situated in a valley in Northern Vietnam, surrounded by mountains. The French realized that they were beaten, but were determined to make a heroic if futile last stand. Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. But Diem became even less popular, and his number of enemies grew. For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold … By this point, war had been on for a duration of six years. The Vietminh were now able to move in close on the French troops defending Dien Bien Phu. On 1 November Diem and his brother fled the presidential palace, but were captured and shot by their own generals. When Japan surrendered in 1945, Vietnam was free for the first time. The garrison constituted roughly one-tenth of the total French Union manpower in Indochina, [94] and the defeat seriously weakened the position and prestige of the French; it produced psychological repercussions both in the armed … An American reporter finds himself in the middle of the 57-day battle of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam between the French army and the Vietminh, which finally resulted in the defeat and surrender of the French forces and France's eventual withdrawal from Vietnam.